Addition of Two Dedicated Freight Corridors on Western and Eastern Railway Raise Scope of Logistical Investments

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The Logistics Headlines, New Delhi, 8th Feb 2017 : Indian Railways will be benefited with two world-class freight corridors to ease the transportation of good via rail lines, lessening burden on roadways. This effort will increase the share of rail transportation. DFC is also a green project, as freight movement on rail will lessen the usage of fossil fuel and energy consumption. The corridor will solely utilize electric locomotives, thus reducing carbon emissions. Dedicated Freight Corridors planned will reduced greenhouse gas emission by 2.25 times.

The project is estimated to take few years to complete.These Dedicated freight-only corridor (DFC) lines will be built on four major transportation routes, namely the Golden Quadrilateral that connects cities such as Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, and Kolkata, where heaviest rail traffic is seen on these corridors. The Western section (Delhi-Mumbai) followed by Eastern Corridors (Ludhiana to Kolkata), will get dedicated corridors soon with World Bank’s support.
World Bank with Indian Government to Finance the DFC Project
A total of 2000km long Eastern corridor shall pass via Uttar Pradesh and Bihar, which will shine on job opportunities for citizens and bring development to poverty stricken areas. The Union Budget 2017-18 had an inclusion for new electrified freight-only railway line that shall enable trains to run on higher loads quicker at cost-effectively. The operational performance will also increase.
Atul Agarwal, Senior Transport Specialist and Task Team Leader and Benedict L.J. Eijbergen, Program Leader, Economic Integration said that freeing of freight from its main lines will boost the passenger rail service and contribute in consistent urbanization in this big corridor, which will alleviate poverty from India.
The World Bank will finance 1,200km of Eastern dedicated freight corridor, which includes three projects: Kanpur (EDFC I, 390 km); Kanpur – Mughal Sarai (EDFC II, 402 km); and Ludhiana – Khurja (EDFC III, 401 km). When the project completes, the Indian Railway’s freight carrying ability along these corridors is expected to double. The DFC lines will support a maximum speed of 100km/h against the current average speed for commercial freight f 25km/h.
Infrastructure Support for Two-DFCs, and Their Capacity
The corridors will attain a capacity to carry freight trains of 6,000 to 12,000 gross ton at 25-ton axle loan on opening .In future; it will allow migration to 32.5 ton axle load. DFCs will shorten the transit times for goods from freight source to their destination, thus crucial for freight customers. In some incidences, the delivery time will reduce by more than 50 percent.
Major procurements contracts for EDFC 1 and 2 are already released, and all three projects of World Bank dedicated to Eastern Freight Corridor is estimated at US$2.72 billion. Construction is in accordance with ‘design and build’ plans as internationally tendered. It is going to be the first time in India that latest automatic track laying machines are going to be used for paving down rails of a quarter kilometres long.
The project is also in support of the Dedicated Freight Corridor Corporation of India Ltd (DFCCIL) for strengthening relative research, long term developments, commercial and marketing plans, safety on the tracks, non-discriminatory access, energy optimization deals, specifications of wagon and locomotives, pilot projects, skill enhancement, and freight logistics among others to mention.
Economic Benefits of Dedicated Freight Corridors
Economically Dedicated Freight Corridors will make the movement of goods faster, reliable, and cheaper between major industrial hubs in north, and for ports in western and eastern coasts. With DFC new markets for rail is about to set in the higher value freight sectors, attracting investments in railways and transportation.
Also, manufacture will observe strict delivery schedules as demanded in export markets, industries thus will become competitive and Make in India initiative will get wings. For Uttar Pradesh, economic development will invite more number of logistics parks and industrial corridors on the route.
This project will bring advantages for heavy and critical power manufacturing industries in eastern and northern areas from where these corridors are to pass. Railway sector will be a critical transport route for carrying raw materials, semi-finished and finished goods for both domestic markets and seaports at eastern seaboard.

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